Primary Phonograms

Lesson One

 1. Listen to the vowel and consonant sounds maps and practise saying them until you can repeat them in order and from memory.

2. Write down the sounds as you say them. The sounds are the primary phonograms. Sight Flash Cards can be made for each of the 44 sounds and the four combination sounds. The cards can be used by parents or mentors to help very young learners to see how the primary phonograms are put together to form words. It is important to make the flash cards with the colours that go with each sound.

3. Among the Vowel and Consonant sounds we speak, there are 5 words which have one sound.

a –  The word a has the schwa sound which is the highest sound on the vowel sounds and shaped like an upside down and back to front letter e. The word a is called the indefinite article.

air – the air we breathe.

ear – what we hear with.

I – The personal pronoun of me.

or – Conjunction, a word that offers an alternative option. Work or play.

4. There are 18 words that have two sounds using two letters in the primary phonograms group. Show the learner the separate sound flashcards for each word, have them say the sounds, then bring the cards together to make up the words.

a + m = a  a  as   a  b  h  m  w  

i  i  i  h  o  g  n  s  u  u

The s in the word as has the z sound instead of the s sound.

When a learner can sound out these words and write them down from sound memory then it is time to move on to Primary Phonograms lesson 2